When it comes to acne symptoms, we tend to focus on our facial skin issues; however, this perspective is not completely true, pimples may appear anywhere throughout the body, for instance on the back of your neck.
Acne that appears along the back of the neck and slightly above or near the hairline usually caused by an infection and irritation resulting in pus bumps, the medical world calls this condition as Acne Keloidalis Nuchae (AKN), also known as Nuchal Keloidal Acne or Keloidal Folliculitis.
Acne keloidalis nuchae are not associate with common acne, but it could be a kind of folliculitis, it is related with bumps of pus that resemble pimples. At the beginning of acne keloidalis nuchae, its appearance is similar to razor bumps on the back of the neck. You may not realize at the time how severe the condition can happen.
The bumps may have strict colors which resulting in lesions on the skin. These lesions are similar to keloid scars caused by bacterial infections found in the hair follicles, but it is not the same as the organism which causes the facial acne.
In its advanced stage, the infection lead to the emergence of plaque tumescent that full of pus and itchy causing the cycle interruption of hair follicles and result in only tufted growth in the areas between the plaques.
African American men are very susceptible to this skin disorder, but every person of any gender can also be affected by these symptoms as well.
This symptom can be seen in mild, moderate or severe that leads to massive hair loss or keloid if not treated effectively and early.
What Causes the Disorder
The real causes of the condition are completely unknown; therefore, you may be unable to treat the cause for good. You can only treat the symptoms that appear from this condition, and this makes acne keloidalis nuchae difficult to cure permanently, in other words, this condition may arise on your skin at any moment.
This condition usually involves short hair or bald and shaving that irritates the hair follicles. The friction between the collar of the shirt against the skin and hair, or a combination of tight clothes and short haircuts accelerate the reaction of this condition.
How to Treat Acne Keloidalis Nuchae
The main objective of the treatment is to stop the bleeding and infections that cause itching, pain, and hair loss as well as preventing of scar tissue arise.
Early treatment is required to avoid the bumps to becoming larger, the longer you take the treatment, the more challenging and longer it takes to recover. A few steps you may follow to treat acne keloidalis nuchae, including.
Avoid Irritation of Acne Bumps
Apply Topical Medications
Take Oral Medications
Having Laser Therapy
Taking Surgery Option
You should not rub, scratch or pick at the bumps, and these actions lead to infection and irritation resulting in the worse in condition. Avoid to shave in the area and do not use the oily products on the skin. Stay away from tight clothes and hats that rub on the back of the neck as well.
Your doctor may provide topical medication such as topical cortisone, steroid creams or gel that reduces swelling, inflammation and itching in the area. Topical antibiotics eliminate the infection whereas retinoid cream such as tretinoin or tazarotene helps to improve your skin condition.
Consult a doctor to get a prescription of oral medication, and a standard medication consists of three months treatment that involves antibiotics clindamycin, rifampicin and retinoid isotretinoin as well. In severe case of acne keloidalis nuchae, your dermatologist may probably suggest a short treatment of prednisone or another oral corticosteroid therapy for the best solution.
Laser therapy is very useful to remove the hair that trapped inside the keloid tissue, this method can prevent early mild cases of acne keloidalis nuchae from becoming worse, in addition this therapy can trigger the improvement of the skin as well.
In several cases, direct steroid injection on the lesion probably given by a dermatologist. This therapy is very useful to reduce discomfort as a result of the incidence of the condition.
The condition of acne keloidalis nuchae sometimes leads to severe bumps. Hence, the most efficient way to get rid of acne keloidalis nuchae, is surgical removal. This action is highly required if AKN has developed into keloid-like masses.
A dermatologist helps to eliminate the infection in the follicle and the tissue forming plaques. The dermatologist also needs to make sure that there are no infections left behind to prevent the problem return.
Home Remedies for Acne Keloidalis Nuchae
Some people who suffer from AKN, would want to use natural treatments for their condition. Are there any natural remedies which able to treat AKN? Some common ingredients recommendation as acne keloidalis nuchae home remedies include:
- Tea Tree Oil to fight bacteria and help the growth of new tissue
- Beeswax to help turnover and reconstruction of the cell.
- Cederwood Himalayan Oil to address the irritation.
- Peppermint Oil to itching and aches.
- Jojoba Oil for soothening the damaged skin.
- Bentonite Clay for eliminating the impurities.
- Zinc Oxide for the anti-inflammatory.
- Magnesium Oxide to get normal collagen synthesis.
Natural ingredients can certainly help to reduce the discomfort as the result of acne keloidalis nuchae. However, for those who suffer from this condition would want to eliminate the bumps and lesions completely. Hence, the option for laser or surgery is strongly recommended for cosmetic improvement.
How to Prevent from Acne Keloidalis Nuchae
The easiest method that you can do to prevent the development of AKN is avoiding the short haircut and the sharp razor or clippers. However if you have short hair, you should wear loose clothing to avoid the rubbing repeatedly in the same area.
Change your clothes every day to prevent the infection caused by friction of clothing on the back of your neck, or try to avoid wearing the collar for the next several days.
There is an argument that dirty clippers cause the condition, but that is not true. In some cases, women can also develop bumps, infection, and keloids, even though she never had a hair cut in the area.
Humid and hot environment, as well as excessive sweating, make you more susceptible to this disease. In addition, the genetic predisposition also affects other family members to this disease.
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Finally, if you find any bumps, itching or irritation on the back of the neck or hairline, see a dermatologist for proper treatment. Early detection and treatment prevent the development of scarring and lifetime hair loss.