A pair of legs is very useful to carry your body wherever you need to go. For this primary reason, you need to provide extra skin care over your feet just as you take care of other body parts. Without appropriate treatment, a few people may develop adverse conditions on their feet, as the legs are very susceptible to friction, pressure, and irritation, especially on the bottom of the feet. In certain conditions, they may develop corns and calluses on feet.
Callus on feet or often referred to as callosity is the area of the skin that turns thick and hardened due to friction, irritation, and pressure. Many people have this condition, though not harmful, its presence can be irritating, sometimes even painful.
You can see calluses developing in the feet, especially on the underside of the big toe and heel. In certain cases, the callus may also appear on the fingers, hands or wherever there is repeated friction. You can also see callus growing between the toes, and they are often referred to as the corn.
In contrast to callus, corn, on the other hand, can be very painful, because it has a knobby core pointing inward, thereby giving a thorn like prick when it gets pressure while walking. Due to thickening of the skin area, calluses become less sensitive to touch. This makes calluses painless, but when you allow them to grow, they become painful.
What Causes Calluses on Feet
In some cases, calluses can be caused by several reasons, but friction and excess pressure on the feet can be the main reason behind the emergence of calluses. Therefore, we should further recognize what causes friction and pressure on the feet that culminate in the calluses eventually.
Leaving Socks While Wearing Shoes
Wearing Wrong Size of Shoes
Certain Tools and Equipment
Other Causes of Calluses on Feet
When you walk barefoot, the skin at the bottom of your feet will try to protect itself from injury and infection, which will eventually lead to hardening of the skin layer and cause the formation of calluses and corns.
Wearing shoes without socks is a bad habit that brings your feet to certain skin disorders. Socks have the ability as a cushion for the feet as well as reducing friction between the feet and the shoes, leaving it can lead to constant friction that culminates in calluses on feet.
Choosing the wrong shoes for your feet is a bad way to treat them. Imagine, when you wear oversize shoes, you actually give space for friction on your feet to occur. Similarly, when you wear tight shoes, your feet will receive excess pressure that can lead to calluses. Be careful also with high heels, because it can cause calluses on certain parts of your feet.
As mentioned earlier, callus can appear in the area around the hand, in particular on the palm of the hand. Therefore, calluses in hand are generally caused by the continuous use of any equipment such as garden tools, musical instruments, and mechanical devices. They create friction and pressure on your hands that lead to calluses.
Some of the following other causes also potentially contribute to the formation of calluses, such as when you have too sweaty feet, they are vulnerable to the formation of calluses.
People with diabetes also potentially have calluses, because such disease may cause poor blood flow to the legs. Whereas if you run a job that involves standing positions over a long period of time, you may be at risk of developing calluses as well.
Calluses may leave scaly and dry skin, and even reduce skin sensitivity, thus you need to run a series of additional treatments for removing calluses from feet, and this is where you need to take care of your feet gently.
How to Remove Calluses from Feet Permanently
You can remove the feet callus with the help of any medical treatment, and this can be obtained by visiting a doctor. However, here we have outlined some natural treatments on how to get rid of calluses on feet naturally with the help of home remedies easily available. Here are a few of them.
Lemon Juice for Calluses
The acidic nature of lemon is very useful to soften the thickening of the skin of the foot. Therefore, it is very effective to remove calluses on feet. You can also add some extra oils like olive oil and coconut oil that plays a role in softening and preventing dry skin due to lemon juice.
Ingredients you need: (i) Lemon juice – sufficiently. (ii) Olive oil – sufficiently. (iii) Baking soda – sufficiently.
- Mix 2-3 tablespoons of lemon juice and 1-2 teaspoons of olive or coconut oil. Add some baking soda to form a fine paste.
- Apply the paste on your callus and leave for at least half an hour, rinse with warm water afterwards.
- Repeat every day for optimum results; baking soda helps exfoliates dead skin cells.
- You can also place a small piece of lemon peel, use a bandage to secure it and leave overnight. Repeat every night.
- For simple usage, apply some lemon juice over the callus with the help of clean cotton ball, use a bandage to secure it in place. Leave overnight.
Epsom Salt Soak for Calluses
One way to soften the thick skin is to soak it in warm water; therefore it helps a lot in removing calluses on feet. You may also need a quick way to soften the skin thickening at the bottom of your feet; thus you can complement your warm water with some Epsom salt.
Epsom salt is a great exfoliating agent that helps speed up the process of softening the callus consisting of thick skin. If you have calluses on your hands, this remedy can be a significant relief from such disorders.
Ingredients you need: (i) Epsom salt – sufficiently. (ii) Pumice stone – clean one. (iii) Warm water – one basin.
- Prepare a basin of warm water and pour 3-4 spoons or a handful of Epsom salt into it.
- Place your feet into the basin and soak for at least 20-30 minutes.
- Start rubbing your callus with a pumice stone to remove the thickening of the skin.
- Once you’ve done, wash your feet with warm water again, followed by applying a mild moisturizer. Repeat this process at least 2-3 times a week until the calluses disappear.
Note » You may also use sea salt instead with similar result.
Chamomile Tea for Calluses
Being a potent aromatic therapy to calm the nerves, chamomile tea plays a major role in getting rid of any calluses that may appear as well. This tea has the ability to soothe the skin, and anti-inflammatory properties of chamomile come in handy to reduce any discomfort. Chamomile tea also brings the pH of the skin to a standard level that reduces the impact of calluses from excessive perspiration on the skin.
Ingredients you need: (i) Chamomile tea – sufficiently. (ii) Warm water – one basin. (iii) Mild soap – sufficiently.
- Make one or two cups of chamomile tea by brewing a tea bag into the warm water.
- Put a little warm water into a basin and pour the chamomile tea into it. Now soak your feet in the basin for 10 minutes.
- Wash your feet with soap afterwards, because tea may provide a stain on your feet.
- Repeat the process at least 2-3 times a week and let your feet free of calluses.
Apple Cider Vinegar for Calluses
One of the advantages provided by apple cider vinegar is its strong acid properties that give a softening effect on the hard skin. Therefore it is very useful to get rid of calluses wherever they are. In addition, vinegar is also useful for balancing skin pH that is beneficial to those with excessive sweating which is one of the reasons behind the onset of calluses.
Ingredients you need: (i) Apple cider vinegar – sufficiently. (ii) Pumice stone – clean one. (iii) Cotton ball – a few ones.
- Soak a cotton ball in some apple cider vinegar, and place it on the affected area before bed.
- You can use masking tape to keep the cotton sticking and then allow it to stay overnight.
- The next morning, exfoliate your calluses with a pumice stone assistance. Followed by applying olive oil or coconut oil on your skin.
- Repeat at least 2-3 times a week to get rid of calluses for good.
Baking Soda for Calluses
The acceptable good thing of baking soda is that it works effectively as a natural exfoliating agent. It is something that is important when dealing with calluses. Baking soda contains fine crystals that are useful for peeling off dead skin cells and useful for softening your hardened skin in one application. Use baking soda on your callus skin several times for optimal results.
Ingredients you need: (i) Baking soda – sufficiently. (ii) Warm water – sufficiently. (iii) Basin – clean one.
- Prepare a basin of warm water and pour 3-4 of baking soda and stir it evenly.
- Put your feet in the basin and soak for at least 30 minutes.
- Lift up and start rubbing your feet with the help of a pumice stone. Wash your feet with soap and apply a mild moisturizer afterwards.
- Repeat the process 2-3 times a week.
Sugar Scrub for Calluses
Sugar is known as a natural exfoliating agent as well, the reason being that it contains crystal grains that are effective to peel away dead skin cells, making sugar very useful to remove calluses. You can add essential oils such as lemon essential oils to increase the efficacy of the treatment.
Ingredients you need: (i) Sugar – ½ cup. (ii) Mineral oil – sufficiently. (iii) Lemon essential oil – sufficiently.
- Put all the ingredients starting from sugar, mineral oil and a few drops of lemon oil to make a paste.
- Apply the paste on your callus and start rubbing with the help of your fingers.
- Perform massage in a circular motion for at least 15 minutes to allow the softening occurs.
- Wash your feet with warm water and apply a mild moisturizer afterwards. Repeat the process at least 2-3 times a week.
Bread for Calluses
The combination of bread paste and distilled vinegar turned out to be very powerful to overcome calluses. This herb helps to soften skin thickening and prevent infection to occur.
Ingredients you need: (i) Bread – sufficiently. (ii) Vinegar – ½ cup. (iii) Bandage – clean one.
- Start by soaking your feet in a basin of warm water for a few minutes, then rub the affected area with a pumice stone.
- Soak the sliced bread into distilled vinegar. Clean up your feet and put bread on your callus.
- You can wrap your feet with a bandage to make sure the bread does not fall off. Leave it overnight.
- Wash your feet in the next morning and apply a mild moisturizer. Repeat this process every night until you get the desired results.
Onion for Calluses
Garlic is rich in antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which are useful for preventing infections of the skin. In addition, it is also acidic in nature in which it is beneficial to remove calluses in feet effectively. You will also need lemon juice and salt to add the medicinal properties.
Ingredients you need: (i) Lemon juice – sufficiently. (ii) Salt – sufficiently. (iii) White vinegar – sufficiently.
- Take a slice of thick onion and sprinkle with a little salt and a few drops of lemon juice.
- Now place a piece of onion under your callus and secure it with a tape. Leave overnight and wash the next morning. Repeat every day for best results.
- You may also soak a piece of onion in white vinegar for three hours. Put the garlic on the callus afterwards and leave it overnight.
- Do not forget to wrap it with the help of a bandage, wash your feet the next morning and rub the callus with the help of a pumice stone. Do this process every day.
Castor Oil for Calluses
You can take the benefit from natural oils to stop calluses growth. Natural oils such as castor oil are very useful for moisturizing dry and coarse skin which in turn can knock down calluses as well.
Ingredients you need: (i) Warm water – sufficiently. (ii) Pumice stone – clean one. (iii) Castor oil – sufficiently. (iv) Cotton ball – sufficiently.
- Prepare a warm water basin and soak your feet into it and leave for 10 minutes.
- Rub your feet with a pumice stone, and pat dry your feet. Apply exposed area with a few drops of castor oil with the help of a cotton ball.
- Secure the cotton with a small tape and leave it overnight. Repeat every day.
- You can also mix castor oil and apple cider vinegar in the same amounts, heat up to a comfortably warm temperature.
- Apply the mixture on your callus and leave for 10 minutes and rinse well with water afterwards. Rub your feet with a pumice stone. Repeat this process every day.
Pineapple for Calluses
This delicious fruit turns out to have amazing properties in helping you to remove skin thickening. It contained essential enzymes which work wonderfully to the softening calluses and helped separate from your skin. Making pineapple as one of the natural ingredients as skin smoothing agent.
Ingredients you need: (i) Pineapple peel – sufficiently. (ii) Clean cloth – clean one.
- Take a large piece of pineapple skin, then cover your callus by using it.
- Make sure the inside of the pineapple skin touches the callus and wrap it with the help of a thin gauze cloth along with the tape.
- Leave overnight or wait for several hours to allow the callus to softened.
- Rub gently with the help of a pumice stone, and repeat every day.
- You can also make a mixture of a cup of pineapple juice and coconut milk, and put it into a basin of warm water.
- Soak your feet in the basin for 20 minutes and rub the callus with the help of a pumice stone.
- Wash your feet afterwards and followed by applying a soft moisturizer, repeat the process at least twice a week.
How to Prevent Calluses on Feet
You also need to take precautions against callus formation in the future. Calluses occur because of some bad treatment over your feet or hands, so you can follow some of the following tips to prevent calluses from sticking to your feet and hands.
Wear Appropriate Footwear
Keep Your Feet Clean
Apply Moisturizer and Petroleum Jelly
Exfoliate Your Feet Regularly
Avoid to Cut Calluses Yourself
Appropriate means you have to wear the right shoes, make sure the shoes you wear comfortable fit. Avoid high heels if possible, as this could potentially cause additional pressures that lead to calluses. Always remember to wear socks when wearing shoes and always wear socks that fit your foot size.
Foot hygiene is an important part of keeping the calluses from being formed. Dirt and other particles that enter into the shoes can cause friction that leads to the formation of calluses.
You also need to keep the feet stay dry, since wet shoes can cause foot fungus infection and allow the friction as a reason behind the callus. If you have excessive sweats that result in your feet moist, it’s good if you sprinkle some baking soda or corn flour on your feet to keep your feet dry.
Wash your feet before bed and apply a moisturizer at least twice a day. If you intend to run or walk for a long time, you should sprinkle petroleum jelly on the feet area to reduce friction. Use natural materials such as leather shoes to allow your feet to breathe properly.
Exfoliation allows your feet to prevent the formation of calluses. Simply exfoliate once a week by soaking your feet in a warm water basin. Rub your feet with a pumice afterwards. Wash your feet and pat dry, follow by applying a mild moisturizer.
Avoid removing calluses by cutting or slicing them. This action will increase the risk of infection in your foot. If you have difficulty in removing calluses, you should get help from your doctor in this matter.
If you have diabetes, you should be more careful in dealing with calluses and corns. People with diabetes have a higher risk of infection because they need more time in the healing process. If you also find that the above home remedies do not have a significant effect, see your doctor immediately to find the root cause of the problem.