You may ever have a scab on your skin in one region or another, but no matter where it is, believe me, it would never make your skin looks good. Having a scab resulted in your skin look unattractive. One big, ugly scab and stuck on one area of noticeable skin, scabs can lead to chaotic appearance.
They probably appear on the face, legs, knee, arm or elbow, or somewhere else which is mostly due to skin injury. In some occasions, you may have ever fallen accidentally, get a cut in one area of the body, or have a long deal with Pimples or Eczema on your face, which also contribute to the process of scabbing.
Scabbing is the natural process of skin rejuvenation; it appears as a result of skin injuries that lead to the creation of hard coating on the skin and provide protection for bleeding injuries.
Scabs appear as a beginning of the healing process of severe injuries. They are potentially leaving indelible scars, although scabs are healed, removing scars is another challenge.
For preventing the onset of a scabbing process, a reliable method to get rid of scabs is highly recommended, which is by dressing the wound properly to make it heals quickly.
We will look at this specific problem of the skin even further. Knowing what causes of scabs in more detail, how to get rid of scabs to prevent scarring, and much more. You may also grab some gentle remedies to minimize the discomfort or reducing the formation of scabbing on your skin. Surely, don’t pick at the scab in every way.
What Causes of Scabs
Although the main reason of scab is wound, yet still there are other possibilities that can trigger the scabs to develop on your skin. Moreover, you can recognize some of them in the following descriptions.
Infections of Bacteria
Not many people realize that they actually have dry skin; unfortunately, those people let it happen without giving a proper skin care.
It makes the dry skin is an unavoidable condition that occurs in many occasions. When the body loses a lot of moisture, it is the moment in which the dry skin starts to develop.
Dry skin, if left untreated may become so dry, which usually accompanied by symptoms of the cracked, itchy and bleeding skin. If the individual gives enough scratching on the affected area, it will result in the dry skin turning into bleeding and a serious scab.
Scabs may occur as a result of acne breakouts as well, and certainly, the face is the most affected area due to this condition. Your face is a specific area where lumps, pimples, blemishes, or cysts easily exist and irritating.
If your face has one of them, it will produce a wound in which your body will provide sufficient protection by developing a scab over the wound during the healing process.
Your skin is susceptible to any infection, especially bacterial infections that usually result in patches, itching, and skin bleeding that leads to the formation of a scab.
It happens if you have certain skin diseases as a result of bacterial infections including scarlet fever, cellulitis, erysipelas, impetigo, toxic shock syndrome, staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, and folliculitis.
Psoriasis is known as a chronic and common skin disease, which also can be classified as a persistent autoimmune skin disease. It occurs when the immune system performs an attack towards normal skin cells.
Fortunately, the disease is not contagious; however, people with psoriasis usually have scaly patches surrounded by a reddish color of the skin and makes the skin constantly itch.
When an individual tries to scratch over the itch of the skin, it may result in lesions and scabs on the affected area including the head and face.
People who have bad habits in scratching on one or several areas of the body while they have itchiness potentially lead to skin injury.
This activity may also cause to any skin infections, especially if the fingertips which always used to scratch are exposed to germs. Any Wounds and infections can cause a formation of scabs if left untreated.
Autoimmune diseases are known in various forms which is certainly affecting millions of people around the world.
People with autoimmune diseases have an impaired immune system, which under certain conditions can affect the body to attack normal skin cells. Just like psoriasis, autoimmune disease can result in scabs and itchy lesions.
Eczema is a skin condition commonly characterized by blisters, itchy skin, red bumps, swelling, scaling, oozing, dry, and crusting.
Although eczema is not a serious threat, its presence may promote any discomfort. In certain cases, eczema can turn in to a cracked and lead to the formation of scabs as well eventually.
The wound (a scrape or a serious injury like a deep cut), is no doubt, become the primary cause of the scab. When you get injured, your body sends white blood cells and Platelets immediately, in which the platelets help to coagulate the wound.
On the other hand, your body begins to produce a protein (Fibrin) which ultimately promotes the formation of a scab as an efficient way to create the protection over the wound.
The above list can serve as a reference in finding some examples of common causes of scabbing. In some cases, you may also find some other reasons behind the scab, such as stress, HIV, anxiety, lupus, and certain cancers.
Dressing the Wound
It is imperative to dress up the wound or scab once you get it in the first place. The purpose is to accelerate the healing process and prevent the incidence of scarring.
Don’t Let the Scab to Ooze
Make Sure the Scab Always Clean
Dampen the Scab
Bandage the Scab
Apply a Fresh Bandage
The oozing scab will make it hard for the body to promote the healing process, for this reason, you need to make sure that the wound is completely dry before properly dressing a scab.
Apply a few pieces of sterile gauze over the wound if it is oozing blood, if it pierces over the gauze, place another layer above it but don’t remove it. Hold it over the scab until the wound stops oozing.
Cleaning the scab is essential to keep the wound away from further infection, even when the wound has started to scab over, therefore, never miss to do this stage.
Cleaning scab also provide other positive impacts such as helping a wound to heal faster. Simply wash the scab with soap and warm water, rinse with water afterwards, followed with a lightly pat dry.
Keeping the scab to stay damp is the best way to speed up the healing process. You can apply a thin layer of petroleum jelly throughout the scab, once you have completely cleaned it. If you have an anti-bacterial ointment, you may use it instead of petroleum jelly. However it is not necessary for most wounds.
Now it’s time to cover up the scab as part of the healing process. Use sterile adhesive bandages (plaster) for small cuts. As for larger wounds, use gauze or silicone gel sheets. Make sure the scab is moist prior performing this bandages.
Use your leisure time to change the bandage every day, while you are waiting for the scab to heal; you can clean up and moisten the scab and cover with a new bandage. This routine can certainly speed up the healing process.
How to Get Rid of Scabs Using Simple Home Remedies
Learning how to get rid of scabs might not be as difficult as you might think, there are home remedies available that you can apply to get rid of scabs on the face, arms, or other body parts. Here are a few of them.
Many people do not realize the significant benefits offered by plantain leaves. According to research, plantain leaf is an effective healing agent when it comes to treating injuries. Anti-inflammatory properties present in plantain leaves are very useful for curing scabs and other types of cuts.
Ingredients you need: (i) Plantain leaves – ten pieces. (ii) Small container – clean one.
- Take about ten plantain leaf and pound them in a small container.
- Extract its juice and apply it on scabs area, this application will speed up the healing of cuts.
- Follow this treatment every day until your injuries healed.
Being rich in antimicrobial properties, making the onion is one easy remedy to cure scabs, and fortunately without leaving any noticeable scars. Onion also contains antioxidant that protects the skin from viruses and free radicals, creating a soft and healthy skin.
Ingredients you need: (i) Onion – a few slices. (ii) Honey – one teaspoon.
- Grab some onion and pound them to form a smooth paste. Add honey and stir the mixture evenly.
- Apply the paste on your scabs and allow it to stay for 10 minutes.
- Rinse thoroughly with cold water and follow the application at least three times a day for several days.
Note » Application of garlic is also acceptable instead of onion with similar effect.
Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe vera has become an indispensable part of the beauty for centuries. It is the easy and efficient remedy when it comes to getting rid of scabs and cuts, due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties contained in aloe vera promotes the circulation of blood vessels. Therefore the topical application of aloe vera works efficiently to relieve bruises, cuts, and superficial scabs.
Ingredients you need: (i) Aloe vera juice – sufficiently. (ii) Water – sufficiently.
- Take aloe leaves and extract its juice. Apply the aloe vera juice on your scabs.
- Allow it to stay for a few minutes and rinse with cold water afterward.
- Repeat this process at least 3-4 times a day for several days to get rid of scabs and cuts.
Note » Aloe Vera application seems doesn’t work on deeper wounds.
Baking soda acts as a mild antiseptic and fungicide, which is useful for killing bacteria and fungi which might grow around the wound and scabs. It also works to remove scabs gently by tightening. Hence, baking soda is most appropriate when cuts and scabs stay at the stage of healing. It works efficiently to eliminate scabs and scars completely.
Ingredients you need: (i) Baking soda – two tablespoons (10gr). (ii) Water – one cup (100ml).
- Make a paste of baking soda and water. Apply the paste liberally on cuts and from scabs and the surrounding area.
- Allow the application perfectly dry and rinse with lukewarm water afterwards.
- Perform this home remedy twice a day for several days until you recover from scabs.
Note » Apply this remedy once you have soaked in the bath for best results.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is one effective solution when it comes to eliminating the scabs. It is laden with antiseptic content that promotes healing of the cuts and scabs safely and efficiently. Applying tea tree oil topically can help restore skin softness due to various problems that may arise.
Ingredients you need: (i) Tea tree oil – sufficiently. (ii) Cotton balls – a few pieces.
- Pour a few drops of tea tree oil on a piece of cotton.
- Gently apply tea tree oil on your scabs and cuts evenly, including surrounding area.
- Repeat the application several times a day; you can apply tea tree oil to cure acne and acne scars effectively as well.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar promotes skin’s pH balance and helps improve growth of skin cells. Hence, the vinegar is very appropriate as an application of treatment to get rid of scabs and cuts efficiently. Apple cider vinegar is also rich in anti-microbial properties that allow the extermination bacteria that may present in the skin.
Ingredients you need: (i) Apple cider vinegar – 5 ml. (ii) Water – 50 ml. (iii) Cotton balls – a few pieces.
- Dilute the vinegar by adding 50 ml of water into 5 ml of apple cider vinegar, mix evenly to get a lightweight solution.
- Dip a cotton ball into diluted vinegar solution and apply liberally on scabs area.
- Leave for about 20 minutes and rinse off with lukewarm water afterward. Repeat this process several times a day to get the desired results.
Garlic offers a myriad of benefits to address a variety of skin problems, just like onions. Thus it has been used effectively for centuries to get rid of scabs and cuts that might arise. It occurs, as the antimicrobial properties present in garlic helps prevent infection easily and efficiently.
Ingredients you need: (i) Garlic – three cloves. (ii) Wine – one cup. (iii) Cotton ball – a few pieces.
- Take the garlic and blend into the cup of wine. Leave for about two hours and strain the solution subsequently.
- Apply the solution to the scabs area, of course with the help of a cotton ball to make it easier.
- Allow it to stay for 10 minutes before rinsing with lukewarm water scabs. Remember, no more than 10 minutes to prevent irritation to the skin.
- Repeat this process several times a day for several days for better results.
Potassium alum obtained as a result of the reaction of potassium sulfate and aluminum sulfate and is commonly used as a deodorant, styptic, and astringent. Alum is also effective for treating scabs, as it works by tightening that eventually loosening of the skin. Also, it uses a method of constricting the blood vessels around scabs and cuts.
Ingredients you need: (i) Potassium alum – sufficiently. (ii) Water – sufficiently.
- Prepare a small amount of potassium alum and grind to form a fine powder. Add adequate water and mix evenly to form a paste.
- Apply the paste on scabs area freely, and leave for about 10 minutes until the paste dries out.
- Rinse off with lukewarm water, repeat this process several times a day for several days until the scabs off.
Honey is a valuable remedy that able to cure various skin complaints. It is rich in antiseptic properties, which are useful to fight against bacteria and cleanse wounds; hence it is magnificent for getting rid of scabs and cuts that you may have. It helps speed recovery and prevents the formation of scars.
Ingredients you need: (i) Honey – a small amount. (ii) Water – sufficiently.
- Take a small amount of honey and apply it on scabs area. Leave until the application dries out.
- Rinse off with water afterward and repeat this process several times a day for best results.
Epsom salts have the ability to provide a calming effect when applied it topically. In addition, it also helps relieve the pain and irritation due to the emergence scabs, in fact, it can reduce the redness and swelling around the scabs.
Ingredients you need: (i) Epsom salt – sufficiently. (ii) Water – sufficiently.
- Pour Epsom salts into the bathtub and use for soaking for about 30 minutes.
- Pat dry scabs once removed of the tub. Repeat this process several times a day to remove scabs easily.
Applying a warm water can help loosen scabs on the skin. Scabs will fall off without leaving a scar eventually. It is an easy remedy to get rid of scabs, but make sure not to draw the scabs, as it can cause scar tissue that could potentially leave scars.
Ingredients you need: (i) Warm water – sufficiently. (ii) Cotton ball – a few pieces.
- Dip the cotton ball in the warm water, put the cotton ball on the scabs that serve as a warm compress.
- Repeat the compress several times a day; it will dissolve scabs bit by bit.
- Apply Neosporin after applying the compress to reduce the risk of infection and accelerate healing.
Precautions Tips When Dealing with Scabs on Your Skin
You can consider the following tips along with home remedies to get rid of the scabs and cuts you might have.
Avoid Harsh Actions
Always Pat Dry
Gently Massage the Scab
Keep your finger of the possibility of touching a scab, as you can end up with picking up the scabs that lead to scars and take any longer for the scab to heal. Scabs may cause itching, however, be careful in scratching.
If you have a wound or scab over your face, you need to keep yourself away from applying makeup. Facial makeup can clog the pores, cover the scab and inhibit the healing process.
When washing the scab, always follow with pat dry instead of wiping or dry scrub. It can help moisten the wound without picking up the scab. You just need to stick to the rules, to avoid the scarring.
On certain occasions, you may need a little relief from the itching caused by a scab. Therefore, you can gently massage the scab with the help of a few applications of the petroleum jelly. In addition, a gentle massage can also help to get rid of scabs faster. You can do this every time you replace a new bandage.
- Before You Pop a Pimple – Guide to Teen Acne: What Helps, What Hurts: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/teen-acne-13/pop-a-zit
- How to Cover a Scab From a Zit: http://classroom.synonym.com/cover-scab-zit-17802.html
- Wound Healing and Care: http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/wounds.html
- How to Put on a Dressing: http://www.sja.org.uk/sja/first-aid-advice/first-aid-techniques/how-to-put-on-a-dressing.aspx
- Proper wound care: How to minimize a scar: https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/injured-skin/wound-care
However, always consider refraining from picking scabs forcibly, as it will increase the possibility of the scarring under the scabs.