The scalp is part of the human body that is sensitive to skin problems, one of them is the emergence of scabs on scalp.
When scalp frequently scratched, it may lead to wounds that can try to heal itself. This healing process leads to a mixture of dried skin cells and blood, which eventually forms a layer known as scabs.
In mild conditions, this may take the form of small lesions that resemble dandruff, while in more severe conditions, it may lead to skin diseases such as Psoriasis of the Scalp that will eventually manifest itself into scalp scabs.
Scalp scabs can cause itching and redness if left untreated it will cause the unpleasant odor. People of all ages can be affected by scalp scabs, and the scabs do not arise due to the condition itself, as it is a result of excessive scratching.
The Causes of Scabs on Scalp
There are many reasons behind the appearance of scabs, thus understanding the associated symptoms and possible causes scalp scabs can help you and your doctor for getting the best diagnosis and appropriate treatment for scalp or skin problem. The following are several common causes of scalp scabs, including lice, dandruff and much more.
Dandruff (Seborrheic Dermatitis)
Lichen Planus (Lichen Planopilaris)
The condition of your scalp may be affected by Seborrheic Dermatitis. You can recognize the appearance of dandruff when you have symptoms such as itching, flaking and scabbing and followed by the appearance of crusty patches in white or yellow color and attached to the hair shaft.
Excessive dandruff on the scalp can lead to scabs eventually. The causes of the dandruff are not known for sure and certainly it is nothing to do with the cleanliness of the scalp. If you are shampooing your hair every day, you may still notice dandruff remains settled on your scalp.
Fortunately, the dandruff is not contagious and is not a sign of poor health. You may take the time to control your dandruff. But it is likely can be a lifelong problem is enormous.
To overcome stubborn dandruff, you can buy a tube of shampoo specially formulated for dealing with dandruff. If there is no noticeable change, you should consult a dermatologist for better treatment before the scalp scabs appear.
When you’ve touched something and cause an allergic reaction on your skin, you may call the condition as Contact Dermatitis.
The allergic reaction usually caused by health and beauty products that you may often use every day, such as shampoos, hair dyes, and jewelry.
Certain materials such as Latex or outdoor foliage such as poison ivy and poison oak also have the potential to cause allergic reactions.
If the ingredients touch your scalp and cause allergic reactions, then most likely your scalp will lead to dry patches that itch or burn. Avoid scratching your scalp or else the scabbing or bleeding may appear.
This condition may result in scalp scabs, and if the infected area is getting more painful or spreading, you should consult your physician. For further prevention, you should avoid the irritant again.
Psoriasis is a skin condition that caused by white blood cells that accidentally attack the healthy skin cells. It may affect any parts of your body, including your scalp and it may cause scabs emerge on your scalp.
The common symptoms caused by this condition is the appearance of a thick dandruff-like scales and red patches and dry, and it occurs when the cells build up on the surface of the scalp.
People who have Seborrheic Eczema tend to be more prone to scabs on scalp. Eczema can cause your scalp becomes irritated, scaly and red.
The rough surface of eczema will release fluid, and when it dries will form red patches that are very itchy and uncomfortable, if you scratch it continuously, it will lead to scalp scabs.
The skin disease that causes the red or purple bump on the skin is medically known as Lichen Planus when it occurs on the scalp, it is known as Lichen Planopilaris.
This condition can lead to permanent scarring and hair loss accompanied by itching; scratching may lead to scalp scabs. Sometimes this condition will go away on its own, but it can persist for a long time as well.
Shingle is a condition that causes a rash and blisters on the skin, caused by the same virus that causes chicken pox. The virus remains dormant in your body after you have chicken pox, and when activated you will get the shingles.
Shingles causes fatigue, headaches and itchy. It affects the skin, as well as scabs also form on the scalp, so they considered as one of the reasons scabs on scalp. When the rash and blisters dry up, it will cause the scalp to build up the scabs.
Nobody likes to have lice that live on their head. Lice actually do not carry disease or cause main health problems, but the presence of lice may cause itching on your scalp, lice suck your blood for their lives, if you scratch continuously, it will lead to an infection on the scalp, furthermore the scabs begin to emerge.
To eliminate the head lice, you may use a particular medication from the drug stores; lice cannot live long when they fall off or removed and usually only last for two days when they can’t feed.
The Symptoms Of Scabs On Scalp
Scalp Scabs are usually accompanied by the symptoms that can be recognized easily, sometimes the symptoms will be followed by other symptoms, including:
- Intense itching sensation
- Rash and blisters on the scalp and minor bleeding
- Heat and burning sensation on the affected area
- The emergence of skin ulcers
- Thickening of the scalp
- The pus from sore
- The swelling on the affected area
How to Treat Scabs on Scalp
There are a lot of treatments for scalp scabs, and the safest way is using the natural home remedies, but if the condition of your scalp does not show significant improvements, you should consult a doctor for more appropriate treatment. Some medications that already known including:
Egg for Scabs Remedy
Olive Oil to Treat Scalp
Tea Tree Oil as Natural Remedy
Steroidal Cortisone Cream
Eggs are an excellent source of protein and can be used to treat scabs, all you have to do is apply a scalp mask by whisking four egg yolks in a bowl, use your finger to apply the mask, and make sure the entire scalp covered with it.
Rinse off the mask with warm water after dry. This method is useful for nourishing scalp and cleaning of the debris.
Olive oil is excellent to treat scalp scabs. Gently massage your scalp and hair using olive oil and leave it for about 10 minutes, then rinse off the hair with water and shampoo. Do this method at least three times a week until you get the desired result.
Tea tree oil has anti-fungal properties, thus known to be effective to treat the scalp scabs. Mix 10 drops of tea tree oil with ¼ cup of jojoba oil, then use the mixture to massage gently on the scalp.
Leave it for about 5 to 10 minutes and rinse off with water and shampoo afterward. Jojoba oil is very useful for moisturizing your skin.
Medicated shampoo is designed to cure the scabs and reduce itching on scalp. This shampoo contains a particular tar, and you can obtain it at local drug stores.
For mild cases, this shampoo is effective as a treatment of scalp scabs. Use this shampoo as a daily treatment on your hair, apply on your scalp when your hair is wet, and leave for about 15 minutes, rinse thoroughly with water afterward.
Use the shampoo for a few times, following by examining your scalp. If the condition is getting worse, you should see a doctor.
You might need topical or Injectable Steroids if the case is severe, or if the lymph nodes swell along with the scabs, you would require antimicrobial treatment.
Other treatments that have proven effective to cure this disease is Steroidal Cortisone Cream, this medicine can be obtained with a prescription from the dermatologist, and has the advantage of being able to reach the cause of the disease on the scalp.
You just need to apply this cream on the affected area. The injections of steroids may give for some cases. You can use antihistamines to resolve the itching.
Tips for Prevention of Scabs On Scalp
Many effective ways can be used to treat scalp scabs, but doing early prevention is the best way to minimize the appearance of the scabs. The early prevention include:
Avoid Using Hair Dye
Keep Scalp Moist
If your scalp is sensitive, you should not perform hair coloring. Hair dyes can trigger irritation and itching on scalp, leading to the emergence of scabs if scratched constantly.
But if you have to dye your hair for a reason, you should choose a hair dye that contains no Para-phenylenediamine, the ingredient that can trigger dry and itchy scalp.
Maintaining the moisture of scalp is imperative to prevent irritation and itching. You may use moisturizing products that are soft and light for your scalp, such as petroleum jelly, use it regularly to avoid dry scalp.
If you are not sure, you can ask your dermatologist about appropriate moisturizer for your scalp. If you live in areas where there are winter or cold temperature, you can use a humidifier in the house.
This way you can enhance the humidity inside your house and prevent scabs on the scalp because most scabs occur during cold temperature or winter.
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You certainly aware that prevention is better than cure. If you have the scalp scabs, you should get the best advice from an expert for appropriate scalp treatment. Never let your scalp getting worse with Topical Ointments that can cause serious skin irritation.